Crime against Women

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156

The principle of gender equality is enshrined in the Constitution of India. In order uphold and implement the Constitutional Mandate, the State has enacted various laws and taken measures intended to ensure equal rights, check social discrimination & various forms of violence and atrocities. Although women may be victims of any of the general crimes such as ‘murder’, ‘robbery’, ‘cheating’, etc. only the crimes which are directed specifically against women i.e. gender specific crimes are characterized as ‘Crimes against Women’. Various new legislation have been brought and amendments have been made in existing laws with a view to handle these crimes effectively. These are broadly classified under two categories. (1) Crime Heads under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1. Rape (Sec. 376 IPC)$ 2. Attempt to commit Rape(Sec 376/511 IPC)* 3. Kidnapping & Abduction of Women (Section 363, 364, 364A, 365, 366 to 369 IPC) 3.1 K&A under section 363 IPC* 3.2 K&A in Order to Murder* 3.3 K&A for Ransom* 3.4 K&A of Women to Compel Her for Marriage* 3.5 K&A for Other Purposes* 4. Dowry Deaths (Section 304B IPC) 5. Assault on Woman with Intent to Outrage Her Modesty (Sec. 354 IPC) 5.1 Sexual Harassment (Sec.354A IPC)* 5.2 Assault on Woman with Intent to Outrage her Modesty (Sec. 354C IPC)* 5.3 Voyeurism (Sec. 354D IPC)* 5.4 Others * 6. Insult to the Modesty of women (Sec. 509 IPC) 6.1 at Office Premises* 6.2 at Places Related to Work* 6.3 in Public Transport* 6.4 in Other Places* 7. Cruelty by husband or his relatives (Sec. 498A IPC) 8. Importation of Girl from Foreign Country (up to 21 years of age) (Sec. 366 B IPC) 9. Abetment of Suicide of Women (Sec. 306 IPC)* ‘$’- Excludes child rapes registered under the section 4 & 6 of Protection of Children from Sexual Offence Act 2012 which published separately in Chapter-6. (2) Crime Heads under the Special & Local Laws (SLL) Special Acts enacted for protection and safety of women have been clubbed under SLL These gender specific laws in which criminal cases recorded by police throughout the country are – (i) The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 (ii) The Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986 (iii) The Commission of Sati Prevention Act, 1987 (iv) The Protection of women from domestic Violence Act, 2005* (v) The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956# ‘#’ women related crimes only. ‘*’ – Started collecting since in 2014 in the revised performance. Apart from above crime heads which are considered as crime against women, some general crimes in which women are victims have also been collected under the revised proforma. Data of the same is published on our website in ‘Additional Tables for CII’. ‘Crime rate’ for crimes committed against women has been calculated using only female population which is based on mid-year projected female population for the year 2015, as supplied by Registrar General of India/Population Commissioner, MHA. Mid-year projected population figures in respect of newly created States of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana has been arrived using district population ratio of the Population Census 2011.

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